[77] On 29 December 2011, Ram Jethmalani made an indirect reference to the issue in the Rajya Sabha, calling it a shame that one of India's former Prime Ministers was named by a Swiss magazine. Rajiv Gandhi Jal Sanchay Yojana (RGJSY) is being implemented with effective convergence of various Central and State schemes, effective convergence of funds, assistance of Corporate, Religious trusts, Social sects, NGOs and public contribution, and by providing State fund to execute water conservation and water harvesting activities. [40] But according to Professor Atul Kohli of Princeton University in a book published by Cambridge University, Gandhi faced stiff opposition from Congress leadership who thought "it would open the economy to external economic influences". [42] He introduced measures to significantly reduce the Licence Raj after 1990, allowing businesses and individuals to purchase capital, consumer goods and import without bureaucratic restrictions. Rajiv Gandhi, head of the nation throughout the first week of November, was clearly responsible for what happened in New Delhi and elsewhere. Citing McKinsey as a source, the article stated that Rajiv Gandhi held 2.5 billion Swiss francs in secret Indian accounts in Switzerland. His son Rahul Gandhi is a Member of Parliament and was the President of the Indian National Congress till 2019. [101][102][103] On 18 February 2014, the Supreme Court of India commuted the death sentences of Murugan, Santhan and Perarivalan to life imprisonment, holding that the 11-year-long delay in deciding their mercy petition had a dehumanising effect on them. 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A senior opposition member, while talking to me, conceded that . Singh scaled the peak of power as the home minister in Rajiv Gandhi ’s government. He benefited from his youth and a general perception of being free of a background in corrupt politics. After two years, in 1987, Barnala resigned his office because of a breakdown of law and order, leading to the implementation of President's rule in the state. [94] Nalini regrets the killing of Gandhi and said the real conspirators have not been caught yet. . [68], In his book, Unknown Facets of Rajiv Gandhi, Jyoti Basu and Indrajit Gupta, released in November 2013, former CBI director Dr. A P Mukherjee wrote that Gandhi wanted commission paid by defence suppliers to be used exclusively for meeting running expenses of the Congress party. Many wondered, the daughter of Rajiv Gandhi appeared to have forgotten that Rajiv Gandhi was not only her father but also was former Prime Minister of India. Indira told them it was Rajiv's decision whether to enter politics. Feroze Gandhi (born Feroze Jehangir Ghandy; 12 September 1912 – 8 September 1960) was an Indian freedom fighter, politician and journalist. Gandhi signed the Indo-Sri Lanka Accord in July 1987. [94] Nalini regrets the killing of Gandhi and said the real conspirators have not been caught yet. In December 1991, Amal Datta raised the issue in the Indian Parliament; the Speaker of the Lok Sabha, Shivraj Patil, expunged Rajiv Gandhi's name from the proceedings. In 1986, he founded the Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya System, which is a Central government-based education institution that provides rural populations with free residential education from grades six to twelve. [58][59] The guard said his intention was to kill Gandhi because of "the damage he had caused" to Sri Lanka. On the morning of 31 October 1984, his mother was assassinated by one of her bodyguards; later that day, Gandhi was appointed Prime Minister. Feroze Gandhi, a key member of the Indian National Congress and the editor of … For other uses of the name, see. A week later, the party officially announced his candidacy for the constituency. [113], A movie titled Madras Cafe showed the planning of an intelligence agency to stop the assassination and catch the LTTE leader. Gandhi attended college in the United Kingdom. Transferred to the Defence Ministry, Singh uncovered what became known as the Bofors scandal, which involved millions of US dollars and concerned alleged payoffs by the Swedish arms company Bofors through Italian businessman and Gandhi family associate Ottavio Quattrocchi, in return for Indian contracts. This mission was codenamed as Operation Flowers are Blooming. [39] Rural and tribal people protested because they saw them as "pro-rich" and "pro-city" reforms. [27] Historian Meena Agarwal writes that even after taking the Prime Ministerial oath, he was a relatively unknown figure, "novice in politics" as he assumed the post after being an MP for three years. His mother, Indira Gandhi was the first and the only woman Prime Minister of India. This led to differences and V.P.Singh resigned from the cabinet. Indira told them it was Rajiv's decision whether to enter politics. He returned to India in 1966 and became a professional pilot for the state-owned Indian Airlines. [16] He won the seat, defeating Lok Dal candidate Sharad Yadav by a margin of 237,000 votes. [66] According to some commentators, the seed for the information technology (IT) revolution was also planted during Rajiv Gandhi's time. Despite Akali opposition, in January 1985, Gandhi signed the Rajiv-Longowal Accord with Akali leader HS Longowal. a) 16 October 1944 b) 20 August 1944 c) 24 July 1946 d) 14 August 1944. Their first child, a son, Rahul Gandhi was born in 1970. He signed the Assam Accord on 15 August 1985. [65] Pitroda also said their plan to expand India's telephone network succeeded because of Gandhi's political support. [21] According to Verinder Grover, the statement made by Gandhi was a "virtual justification" of the riots. He then paid the party membership fees of the party and flew to Sultanpur to file his nomination papers and completed other formalities. For other uses of the name, see. Rajiv Gandhi was an outsider in politics, his political life, accidental. Their first child, a son, Rahul Gandhi was born in 1970. [6][7] In 1966 he began a course in mechanical engineering at Imperial College London, but did not complete it also. The intervention of India averted the coup. [14] During this time, he was still an employee of Air India. Rajiv Gandhi was an Indian politician who began serving as the 6th Prime Minister of India after his mother Indira Gandhi was assassinated in 1984. In 1972, the couple had a daughter, Priyanka Gandhi, who married Robert Vadra. [47], On Thursday, 9 June 1988, at the fifteenth special session of the United Nations General Assembly, held at Headquarters, New York, Gandhi made vocal his views on a world free of nuclear weapons, to be realised through an, 'Action Plan for Ushering in a Nuclear-Weapon Free and Non-Violent World Order.'[48][49]. [93] Later, it was reported that Gandhi's daughter, Priyanka Gandhi Vadra, had met Nalini at Vellore Central Prison in March 2008. [39], Gandhi increased government support for science, technology and associated industries, and reduced import quotas, taxes and tariffs on technology-based industries, especially computers, airlines, defence and telecommunications. Arrested on 14 June 1991, she and 25 others were sentenced to death by a special court on 28 January 1998. At least 14 others, in addition to Rajiv Gandhi, were killed. He claimed a central role in the eyes of the public after he assumed the position as the youngest Prime Minister of India. [34][35] Indian magazine Business and Economics called it a minority appeasement by Gandhi. He attended college in the United Kingdom and returned as a professional pilot to India in 1966. [60], In May 1988, Gandhi launched the Operation Black Thunder to clear the Golden Temple in Amritsar of arms and gunmen. [97] The execution of the three convicts was scheduled for 9 September 2011. He took admission in Imperial College, London in 1966 to study Mechanical Engineering, but did not complete that either. Courtesy a contract signed with the Germany company HDW in 1981, the Indian government had agreed to purchase two ready submarines built in Germany by HDW and two submarines in CKD form to be assembled in Mazagaon docks. Indian politics got the youngest ever Prime minister in Rajiv Gandhi. After Indira Gandhi's assassination, Rajiv Gandhi, her eldest son was sworn in as Prime Minister by the President of India. [19], On 31 October 1984, the Prime Minister, Rajiv Gandhi's mother Indira Gandhi, was assassinated by her Sikh bodyguards, which led to violent riots against Sikhs. [13] Rajiv entered politics on 16 February 1981, when he addressed a national farmers' rally in Delhi. Alas, nuclear weapons are not the only weapons of mass destruction. Despite Akali opposition, in January 1985, Gandhi signed the Rajiv-Longowal Accord with Akali leader HS Longowal. [36] Lawyer and former Law Minister of India, Ram Jethmalani, called the Act "retrogressive obscurantism for short-term minority populism". He went to Delhi and became a member of the Flying Club, where he was trained as a pilot. On 30 July 1987, a day after Gandhi went to Sri Lanka and signed the Indo-Sri Lanka Accord, an honour guard named Vijitha Rohana hit him on his shoulder with his rifle; Gandhi's quick reflexes saved him from injury. [3], He was admitted to the Welham Boys' School, Dehradun and Doon School, Dehradun in 1954, where Sanjay joined him two years later. Delhi: South Asia Books. She then bent down to touch his feet and detonated a belt laden with 700 g (1.5 lb) of RDX explosives tucked under her dress. In 1972, the couple had a daughter, Priyanka Gandhi, who married Robert Vadra. 9 November 1984 Rajiv came to power after his mother Indira Gandhi was assassinated.As new Prime Minister of India he has no shortage of problems. Rajiv Gandhi's period in office was mired in controversies; perhaps the greatest crises were the Bhopal disaster, Bofors scandal and Mohd. He took office after the 1984 assassination of his mother, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, to become the youngest Indian Prime Minister at the age of 40. [95][96], In August 2011, the President of India rejected the clemency pleas of Murugan and two others on death row—Suthendraraja, alias Santhan, and Perarivalan, alias Arivu. However, at the end, they were unable to save Rajiv Gandhi. In 1988, he reversed the coup in Maldives, antagonising militant Tamil groups such as PLOTE, intervening and then sending peacekeeping troops to Sri Lanka in 1987, leading to open conflict with the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE). [53][54], In February 1987, the Pakistani President Zia-ul-Haq visited Delhi, where he met Gandhi to discuss "routine military exercises of the Indian army" on the borders of Rajasthan and Punjab. His zodiac sign is Leo. The court confirmed the death sentences of four of the convicts, including Nalini, on 11 May 1999. At that time, Rajiv Gandhi was in London as part of his foreign tour. A state funeral was held for Gandhi on 24 May 1991; it was telecast live and was attended by dignitaries from over 60 countries. We know the people were very angry and for a few days it seemed that India had been shaken. [66], Rajiv Gandhi's finance minister, V. P. Singh, uncovered compromising details about government and political corruption, to the consternation of Congress leaders. [80] Albats later said that in December 1985, Chebrikov had asked for authorisation from the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union to make payments to family members of Rajiv Gandhi, including Sonia Gandhi and Rahul Gandhi. [citation needed], 6th Prime Minister of India from 1984 to 1989, This article is about the politician. 55 ] a major defeat for his reluctance to bring the army from Meerut to the! '' on the 1982 Asian Games contrast to Section 125 of the Flying,. 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